Birger Sevaldson PhD


Developing Digital Design Techniques


Image from "Digital Marey Study


Here is a collection of documentation of experiments and digital design processes. First there is a series of experiments described with images and videos. (You need windows media player to see them).

Second there is a list of publications I have done on the topic and a list of internationally published projects. The research and most of the projects and experiemtns are done in the context of the OCEAN design research association.

Keywords: Design computing, digital creativity, digital design, digital architecture, rapid prototyping, generative design, dynamic generative diagrams..




Rapid Prototyping and Displacement mapping 2004
Displacement mapping is based on mapping an image of a pattern onto a surface. The surface geometry is manipulated according to the image pattern.


World Center for Human Concernsf 2001
Design OCEAN designresearch
A video that shows the digital design process.
For full credits and imore information on the project follow this link >>>>>


URBsurf 2001
This video was compiled to make a statement about a future practice of architecture..


Ambient Amplifiers Digital Design Study 2000
A video showing the digital design process of the Ambient Amplifiers project.


Highrise Study 2000
A study for a generative dynamic diagram for a highrise building


The "OCEAN lonely" video 1999
Urban Surfaces was a test for developing a conceptual method using surface manipulation to develop artefacts spanning from clothing to space scale.


Rhizone 1999-2000
Rhizone was a virtual gallery developed by Kivi Sotamaa and others.


TIDSROM 1999-2000
Tidsrom was an experimental cooperation between architects, designers, composers and scientists.


Virtual Phenomena 1997
Tidsrom was an experimental cooperation between architects, designers, composers and scientists.


Text Sources

Here you find the booklet "3D for Designere" This is in Norwegian only

3D for Designere

The research and practice into computer use in design lead to an expanded interrest into the theme of complexity in design. My current research has developed far into that direction. Please visit the web page for Systems Oriented Design. Below you find my doctoral thesis from 2005 and other papers related to digital research.

Developing Digital Design Techniques
Investigations on creative design computing

Doctoral Thesis 2005
Order a copy at the frontdesk of AHO:

Computer Aided Design Techniques
Published in the Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, Autumn 2001

The Renaissance of Visual Thinking
Presented at the IT and Architectural Research Conference in Aarhus, April 2001
Nordic Association for Architectural Research

Dynamic Generative Diagrams
Published at the eCAADe in Weimar, 2000

Research on Digital Design Strategies 
Presented at the "Useful and Critical" de
sign research conference in Helsinki 1999.
University of Industrial Arts Helsinki

Here is a list over projects that were published during this period

2005- Blobjects & Beyond – The New Fluidity in Design; Ed. Steven Skov Holt and Mara SkovHolt; OCEAN NORTH; pp. 171, 190-191; Chronicle Books, San Francisco.

2005- L’Arca, October 2005, OCEAN NORTH; Milan, Italy.

2005- 10x10_2; OCEAN NORTH; pp. 264-267, Phaidon.

2004- New Trends of Architecture in Europe and Asia-Pacific 2004-05; Ed. Ippei Yamasaki; OCEAN NORTH; pp. 26-29; Fram Kitagawa.

2004- Fast Forward - Hot Spot Brain Cells Architecture Biennale Beijing 2004; Ed. Neil Leach; OCEAN NORTH; p. 89; Map Book Publishers.

2004- Byggekunst 04/04; Ed. Ingerid Helsing Almaas; OCEAN NORTH – Curvature Logic; pp. 16-29; Oslo, Norway.

2004- Imagining Ground Zero; Ed. Suzanne Stephens with Ian Luna and Ron Broadhurst; OCEAN NORTH; p. 138; Rizzoli, New York, USA.

2004- A New World Trade Center – Design Proposals from leading Architects Worldwide; Ed. Max Protetch; OCEAN NORTH; pp. 110-111; Regan Books Harper Collins.

2003- Innovation – From Experimentation to Realisation; Ed. Alexandra and Andreas Papadakis; OCEAN NORTH; pp. 90-93; New Architecture.

2002- AD Furniture + Architecture; OCEAN NORTH - Practice Profile by Christopher Hight; pp. 110-115; AD Wiley Academy, London, England,

2002 Volume no 42 Contemporary Architecture CAPress Co Ltd Korea pp.22-41 Digital Architect[ure]- Are we ready to compute? by Michael Hensel

2002 Volume 72 no.1 Architectural Design Wiley Academy Contemporary Techniques in Architecture Guest-edited by Ali Rahim Vigorous Environments by Michael Hensel and Kivi Sotamaa a_drift NYTimes Capsules, IntenCities

2002 13.02.02 Aftenposten Norway Kreativ debatt om Ground Zero by Simen Saetre World Center for Human Concerns

2002 19.01.2001 The Guardian England What Architects belive should rise from the ashes of the World Trade Centre site by Oliver Burkeman World Center for Human Affairs

2002 18.01.2002 Building Design England Stars' Vision for NY World Center for Human Concerns

2001 April no. 652 vol. 56 Kenchiku Bunka, Japan OCEAN north pp. 81 - 85 Projects: Extraterrain, Chamberworks, Intencities. Essay by Michael Hensel

2001 Dialogue, Taiwan, Ambient Amplifiers, OCEAN north, Birger Sevaldson and Phu Duong (Oslo 2000)

2000 Architectural Design, London, Contemporary Processes in Architecture p. 36-43

2000 10X10, 10 Critics 100 Architects, London Book edited by Vivian Constantinopoulos and Iona Baird. Essay by Mohsen Mostafavi, Phaidon

2000 Archiworld, Seoul p.72-116 Architect of the month: OCEAN north

2000 5/1 DOMUS “Urban Surfaces” p.32-35 OCEAN projects review OCEAN Cologne/ Helsinki/Oslo

1999 5/12 The New York Times Magazine “Designs for the Next Millennium” Herbert Muchamp ”a_drift” Time Capsule OCEAN Cologne/ Helsinki/Oslo

1999 Hybrid Space p. 150-163 Book by Peter Zellner Thames & Hudson OCEAN Cologne/ Helsinki London/ Oslo

1998 14/12 Arkitektnytt, Oslo, p. 1, 4-5 “Omveltningens arkitektur” (Synthetic Landscape 3) OCEAN Cologne/ Helsinki/Oslo

1998 11/98 Korean Space Magazine, Seoul p.88-109 OCEAN projects review OCEAN Cologne/ Helsinki/Oslo



The Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO), Institute of Design has a leading role in the development of design computing. The 3D CAD education at the Institute was established by Birger Sevaldson in 1990 - 91. The first investments included a SGI Personal Iris with Alias and Anvil5000 software. Since then the activities have grown to include four obligatory CAD courses, all of them totally integrated in projects or thematic courses. In addition there is an increasing activity on special projects and workshops.

Another turning point was in 1993 when we decided on MicroStation as the basic software which ensured the volume of the activities. The third step was in 1998, when a DTM Sinterstation rapid prototyping mashine became of the inhouse facilities at IFID. The increasing demand to the quality of the 3D models to be produced on the sinterstation forced us to alter software once again. SolidWorks was after a evaluation period chosen as our main software (Again we where one of the first school to choose this solution). Through all the years Alias/Wavefront Studio has been our main software for styling and conceptual 3D modelling. In addition we in 2000 we added Catia to our selection of high-end software.

Resently Rhino with different plugins like Grasshopper have become more important.


Alias Studio, Maya, SolidWorks, MicroStation, CATIA, Rhino3D. 3DS FormZ, ANSYS

Environmental analyses: SolidWorks

Software: CATIA, SolidWorks, Hardware: Peripheral: Roland CAMM3 3axis milling machine, Cincinatty vmc 750 industrila 3-axis grinder.


Finite Elment Analyses
Steinar Killy, Assistent Professor, Technology, 
Software: Algor, Catia. ANSYS, SolidWorks.

Rapid Prototyping:

Steinar Killy, Assistent Professor, Technology
Innhouse system 3 DTM Sinter Stations, Vision Tch, Z-Corp, Kiln for steel models

3D Scanning

The 3D lab provides a Microscribe 3D scanner arm.

Minolta VIVID 900 3D scanner




Birger Sevaldson

30.october-95 / 10. Dec.-2010